The following describes the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of bunion deformity. For specific information regarding your health and treatment options, please contact your Hurley physician or medical professional.
What is bunion deformity?
A bunion deformity is an enlargement of the joint in the big toe where it connects to the foot, often resulting in the big toe turning in toward the other toes and causing irritation and pain in the enlarged area. Blisters and calluses commonly form on bunions.
What causes bunion deformity?
Genetics often plays a big part in the development of bunions. Other causes include foot injuries, neuromuscular disorders, congenital deformities, arthritis, and flat feet or low arches. Tight-fitting shoes that squeeze the toes together can also lead to bunions over time.
What are the symptoms of bunion deformity?
Common symptoms of bunion deformity include:
- A bony bump on the side of the foot at the base of the big toe
- Pain when walking
- Inflammation and irritation in the bunion area
- Blisters, calluses, corns, and other skin irritations
- Restricted motion of the big toe, which is often painful
How is bunion deformity diagnosed?
Your Hurley physician will conduct a complete physical exam and may order x-rays to determine the severity of the bunion.
How is bunion deformity treated?
When left untreated, bunions tend to get larger and more painful, often limiting nonsurgical treatment options. Your physician may recommend early treatment options such as padding and taping your foot, cortisone injections, ultrasound therapy, or orthotic shoe inserts to help manage and control your bunion deformity. If your pain is not severe, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin or ibuprofen, may be used for relief. Non-medicated bunion pads can help minimize the irritation caused by shoes. It is also important to wear comfortable shoes with a wide toe box and to avoid high heels. Ice packs can be used to reduce swelling when your bunion becomes inflamed.
In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct a bunion deformity and relieve pain. There are several different types of surgical procedures. Your physician can make a surgical recommendation based on your particular case.